Alleviating Menstrual Cramps (Dysmenorrhea):
Understanding Causes and Effective Treatments


Nearly 60% of women experience painful periods, known as dysmenorrhea, which can persist until menopause. This condition, affecting 90% of adolescent girls and 50% of women, often disrupts daily life due to symptoms like nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, lethargy, and headaches.

Types of Dysmenorrhea: Primary vs. Secondary

Dysmenorrhea can be categorized into two types: primary and secondary. Understanding their causes is crucial for effective management.

• Primary Dysmenorrhea:
This is typically triggered by the body’s production of prostaglandins, natural inflammatory chemicals found in the uterine lining. Pain peaks on the first day of menstruation due to high prostaglandin levels.

• Secondary Dysmenorrhea: Caused by reproductive system disorders, it usually emerges later in life and tends to worsen over time. Conditions like endometriosis, adenomyosis, and fibroids can lead to this type of dysmenorrhea.

Overlap with Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)

Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) can share some symptoms with dysmenorrhea. It occurs between 2 and 12 days before a period and resolves within the first 24-48 hours of flow, happening after ovulation.

Treatment Options for Dysmenorrhea

While medications like nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used to relieve pain, they come with potential side effects. Hormonal medications and alternative therapies like TENS, heat, exercises, and acupuncture can also provide relief. In cases where medication is insufficient, surgery may be necessary.

Exploring PEMF Therapy for Dysmenorrhea

Studies conducted at Cairo University’s Department of Physical Therapy have shown promise in using Pulsed Electromagnetic Fields (PEMFs) to treat primary dysmenorrhea. Even a 60 Gauss magnetic field, applied briefly, has demonstrated significant symptom reduction.

Benefits of PEMFs in Dysmenorrhea Management

PEMFs show potential in reducing inflammation and pain by targeting the adenosine receptor, which is present in the uterus. Additionally, PEMFs may offer relief for secondary dysmenorrhea related to conditions like endometriosis and pelvic pain.

Looking Ahead: Optimizing PEMF Intensity and Treatment Times

Higher intensity PEMF systems hold promise for more efficient treatment sessions. This may lead to shorter treatment times and fewer days of use throughout a menstrual cycle. As research continues, PEMFs offer hope for reducing inflammation and alleviating pain associated with dysmenorrhea.

Empowering Women with Portable PEMF Systems

Having a battery-operated PEMF system on hand can be invaluable for managing dysmenorrhea. It allows for targeted use just before a period begins and throughout the symptom duration. Such a device may prove beneficial for various other health issues where PEMFs have demonstrated effectiveness.

Conclusion: Reducing the Burden of Dysmenorrhea

Dysmenorrhea can be a challenging condition for women, impacting their quality of life for years. While treatments like PEMFs show significant potential, there’s still a need to minimize the personal toll of coping with disruptive symptoms. By exploring alternative therapies and harnessing the benefits of PEMFs, women can take proactive steps towards a more comfortable menstrual experience.


El-Fatah, EA and Shaheen MM. Efficacy of pulsed electromagnetic field in treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. J Advances in Biology 2014 Sept: 5(3):666-674.

El Refaye GE, Botla AM, Hussein HAD, et al. Electromagnetic field versus diclofenac drugs on primary dysmenorrhea: A single-blind randomized controlled trial. J Clin Analytical Med. 2019 Mar;10(2): 202-206.

AAE, Elsodany AM, Battecha KH, et al. High-intensity laser therapy versus pulsed electromagnetic field in the treatment of primary dysmenorrhea. J Phys Ther Sci. 2017 Oct;29(10):1742-1748.

related articles